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Welcome to the Equestrian Outreach First Aid Kit Page
Equine First-Aid Kit Contents:
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(Click Here For a List Of Online First Aid Kit Providers List Page)
A well-stocked equine (and human) first-aid kit should be kept in a place where it is easily accessed. Any used or out-of-date items should be replaced as soon as possible. However, other than for minor injuries, a veterinarian should be consulted before treating a sick or injured animal.
The basic items any equine first-aid kit should include are:
Tools & Diagnostic Equipment:
- Horse safe rectal thermometer.
- Petroleum jelly (to use as lubrication for thermometer)
- Stethoscope (for listening to heartbeat, respiration and, in the case of suspected colic, gut sounds) Pulse and respiration can be determined without a stethoscope. Gut sounds can be heard by putting one's ear to the horse's side, but doing so increases the risk of being kicked by the horse.
- Pair of bandage scissors (Sharp, clean scissors and reserved for first aid kit only).
- Hoof Pick.
- Humane Twitch.
- Poultice boot, for hoof injuries. (A hoof boot can be used for this purpose, though a medical boot is usually easier to put on and take off).
- Pair needle nose pliers with wire cutters (for freeing a tangled horse) or equivalent such as a fencing tool or lineman's pliers; though these objects are often kept in a well-organized barn, an extra set in a first-aid kit is helpful for major emergencies.
- Pair Latex Exam Gloves.
- Nylon rope (50 feet).
- Sterile saline solution, which is used to clean wounds. Contact lens solution may be used for this purpose.
- Insect sting pads.
- Bottle Clear Eyes (3.5 oz.).
- Bottle Betadine (16 oz.).
- Bottle Providine solution.
- Bottle of Iodine.
- Container Providine scrub (Medical grade antibacterial soap).
- Bottle of eye wash.
- Bottle of anti-inflammatory medications.
- Bottle hydrogen peroxide.
- Petroleum jelly.
- Wound ointment for minor scrapes.
- Epsom Salts for drawing out infection & treating pain.
- Phenylbutazone ("Bute") paste for pain relief.
- Flunixin Meglumine ("Banamine", "Finadyne") granules or paste for colic treatment
- Acepromazine ("Ace") or similar tranquilizer pill, paste, or pre-filled injector
- Epinephrine (adrenaline) auto-injectors for emergency treatment of a horse that goes into anaphylactic shock when stung by a bee, wasp or other insect.
- Poultice dressing.
- Clean bucket, reserved for first-aid kit only, for washing out wounds
- Clean sponge, reserved for first-aid kit only
- Gauze (for cleaning wounds)
- Cotton balls or sheet cotton for absorbing liquids, particularly good for dipping into liquid products and then squeezing or dabbing the liquid onto a wound. (Cotton used to clean a wound may leave fibers in the injury; gauze is a better product if the wound must be touched.)
- Hypodermic syringe (without needle), for cleaning wounds. (Using the syringe to wash out a wound is preferable to cleaning it with cotton or gauze.) An old syringe, if cleaned first, works fine for this.
- Clean towels and rags
- Disposable rags or paper towels
Bandages and other forms of protection:
- Absorbent padding, such as roll cotton or a set of cotton leg wraps (keep a clean set sealed in a plastic bag)
- Gauze to be used as wound dressing underneath bandages.
- Sterile wound dressing, such as Telfa pads (4” x 4”)
- Leg Bandages - stable bandages or rolls of self-adhering vet wrap
Adhesive tape for keeping bandages in place:
- Rolls duct tape (10 yd ea.).
- Rolls first aid adhesive tape.
- Rolls 3-inch porous tape.
- Rolls 4-inch elastic gauze.
- Large box cotton rolls.
- Large box gauze sponges
- Disposable diapers (nappies) or sanitary napkins may also be cut and used as a poultice as they draw moisture out of wounds. Kaolin clay may also be used as a poultice.
- Veterinary medications - in most locations, these are prescription medications and can only be obtained through a licensed Veterinarian. They should generally not be administered without prior consultation with a veterinarian, either over the telephone or by specific advance instruction.
- Veterinarian's and Farrier's telephone and emergency numbers.
- A paper and pencil, for recording symptoms, pulse, respiration and veterinary instructions.
- A Veterinary Emergency Handbook, giving basic instructions, in the event that a veterinarian cannot be reached immediately.
- Suitable box/container for all of the above, to keep materials and equipment clean and tidy.